Expert Judgment

Posted on June 22, 2009 by


An expert is someone who has specialized education, knowledge, skill, experience or training in a certain area. A project manager should obtain the opinions of experts throughout the course of managing a project. Expert Judgment is a common tool and technique of the processes found in the fourth edition PMBOK®. It is a general tool, and its use will appear differently depending on the process. For example, a team member may be able to provide good activity duration estimates, an outside consultant may be hired for technical advice, and already identified stakeholders may be experts in identifying additional stakeholders. For the Conduct Procurements process, an entire panel of experts that each specialize in different areas may evaluate seller proposals. An expert may be a consultant, stakeholder, professional and technical association, industry group, SME, PMO, other unit in the organization, senior management, and a project manager. It could also simply be a member of the organization who has been there for 35 years.

Of the 42 processes, 19 have Expert Judgment listed as a tool and technique. In fact, some of these processes have Expert Judgment as their only tool and technique. Note that all six of the Integration processes contain Expert Judgment. Here is a listing of the processes: Develop Project Charter, Develop Project Management Plan, Direct and Manage Project Execution, Monitor and Control Project Work, Perform Integrated Change Control , Close Project or Phase, Define Scope, Define Activities, Estimate Activity Resources, Estimate Activity Durations, Estimate Costs, Determine Budget, Identify Stakeholders, Identify Risks, Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis, Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis, Plan Risk Responses, Plan Procurements, and Conduct Procurements.