Plan Procurements Process

Posted on April 14, 2009 by


Plan Procurements is one of the 42 project management processes described in the fourth edition PMBOK®. It’s one of the four Procurement knowledge area processes, and one of the twenty Planning processes. The purpose of this process is to document the purchasing decisions and approach as well as identify potential sellers. There is much information needed beforehand to accomplish this, which is represented by eleven inputs to this process. The Scope Baseline and Requirements Documentation are important inputs used to describe the project work to be performed. The specific work that is to be performed in a contract is called the Procurement Statements of Work.

It must first be decided whether certain work is best done in-house or whether it should be purchased. This is called Make-or-Buy Analysis, and its outcome is Make-or-Buy Decisions. There are advantages and disadvantages of the different types of contracts that need to be considered as well. The types of contracts that should be used, in addition to much other information, is written in the Procurement Management Plan that provides guidance for performing the procurement processes. Procurement Documents describing what work is needed are made available to sellers in order to elicit their offers. Source Selection Criteria are the criteria developed in this process that will be used to choose among sellers’ responses. For example, sellers representing larger or local organizations might be preferred.